Exame de sangue para câncer encontra oito tipos de tumores.23 de janeiro de 2018


Detection and localization of surgically resectable cancers with a multi-analyte blood test.


Science  18 Jan 2018
DOI: 10.1126/science.aar3247

Earlier detection is key to reducing cancer deaths. Here we describe a blood test that can detect eight common cancer types through assessment of the levels of circulating proteins and mutations in cell-free DNA. We applied this test, called CancerSEEK, to 1,005 patients with non-metastatic, clinically detected cancers of the ovary, liver, stomach, pancreas, esophagus, colorectum, lung, or breast. CancerSEEK tests were positive in a median of 70% of the eight cancer types. The sensitivities ranged from 69% to 98% for the detection of five cancer types (ovary, liver, stomach, pancreas, and esophagus) for which there are no screening tests available for average-risk individuals. The specificity of CancerSEEK was > 99%: only 7 of 812 healthy controls scored positive. In addition, CancerSEEK localized the cancer to a small number of anatomic sites in a median of 83% of the patients.

Categorias: cancer, miseq, sequenciamento, ctDNA
  • Exame de sangue para câncer encontra oito tipos de tumores.
  • fonte: medscape.com